Infection Prevention

How can you keep you and your family safe and prevent the spread of infection?

There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19. The best way to reduce the risk of infection is to practice general infection prevention control. This includes:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are ill.
  • Stay home when you are ill.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then immediately throw the tissue in the garbage and wash your hands.
  • If you don’t have a tissue, sneeze or cough into your sleeve or arm.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces like door knobs, toilet seats, light switches, etc.
  • Wipe down phones, computers and other devices regularly with alcohol wipes.
  • Self-isolate if you are symptomatic or if you may have been exposed to the virus.
  • Wear a mask if you are symptomatic both in the home if you have close contact with others and if you leave to seek treatment
  • Wear a non-medical (e.g., cloth) mask where physical distancing may be difficult
  • Voluntarily avoid crowded places.
  • Refer to our frequently asked questions about COVID-19 and food and shopping

Public Health Agency of Canada: Help reduce the spread of COVID-19

Do I need to wear a face covering in public spaces?

  • Yes, effective 12:01 a.m. on July 17, 2020, Dr. Nicola Mercer, Medical Officer of Health for the Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, has updated the class order that any customer, patron, employee or visitor who enters a commercial establishment be required to wear a face covering at all times while inside the establishment, with the exception of:
    • Children under the age of two years.
    • Children under the age of five years (either chronologically or developmentally) who refuse to wear a face covering and cannot be persuaded to do so by their caregiver.
    • People whose ability to breathe in any way is inhibited by the face covering.
    • People that have any other medical reason they cannot wear a face covering safely, such as, but not limited to, respiratory disease, cognitive difficulties or difficulties in hearing or processing information.
    • The obligation to provide reasonable accomdation under the Ontario Human Rights Code requires exemption from this requirement. 
  • Maintaining physical distance (2 metres or 6 feet) in addition to wearing a face covering is critical in slowing the spread of the virus.
  • If you are symptomatic, wear a face covering in the home if you have close contact with others
  • Wearing a homemade face covering may help prevent people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.
  • Reserve medical masks for healthcare workers.

For more information, please read our Face Coverings FAQs

Do I need to take extra precautions if I am pregnant?

  • The risk management advice is the same whether someone is pregnant or not.

Can I make my own hand sanitizer?

  • For hand sanitizer to be effective, it must have at least 60% alcohol content, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Recipes for DIY (do-it-yourself) hand sanitizer are all over the internet, however it can be difficult to ensure the concentrations are correct. If incorrectly made, it can be harmful.
  • All hand sanitizers should be kept away from children.
  • The best option is still to wash your hands with soap and water when available.